What Is the Land Survey Process?

Association of Construction and Development
July 19, 2012 — 3,143 views  

Completing land surveys can appear challenging, unless you follow a specific process. Doing so might help you save time and resources.

Boundary and topographic surveys provide several benefits. These studies allow you to define the location of certain areas, as you can develop maps that determine property lines. Consider the following steps to effectively complete a land survey.

1. Begin research

When a client contacts you to complete a survey, you'll want to immediately begin your research. Contacting local agencies and gathering information about a property's boundaries is critical to your success. You'll be able to legally complete your project and maximize your efficiency.

2. Review documents and maps

It might seem like a time-consuming endeavor, but taking the time to review documents and maps you've collected may help you conserve resources. This information allows you to develop a strategy you can apply to your land survey.

For example, a surveyor might have a limited amount of space to finish the task. With in-depth data about the area, this professional can effectively prepare for the situation. He or she can design a plan to maximize the efforts of a work crew, which may help the team preserve time and money.

3. Create a work team

The size of the area should dictate how many staff members you assign to your team. Each worker should have the necessary equipment and expertise to survey a property, as this will offer your client an excellent opportunity to have the work properly completed.

4. Perform the survey

A land survey could require a significant time investment, depending on the size of a property. As you've completed the first three steps of the process, you've put your team in a great position to finish the work in an efficient manner.

Engage yourself in the project to locate any physical evidence that might affect a property's boundaries. Additionally, be sure to investigate any possible improvements or threats to the land. There are other tasks that can be completed on-site, including general site reconnaissance and wetland delineation. Consult with the client, local government agencies or team members if you have any questions relating to the project, as these parties are heavily involved in the process.

Following the process' completion, double-check your measurements to ensure accuracy. This is perhaps the most important step, as it gives you the chance to finalize your maps. 

Association of Construction and Development