What is the Purpose of a Concrete Storm Drain Structure?

Kana Pipeline
December 17, 2012 — 3,262 views  

Individuals hardly ever think about the purpose of a concrete storm drain structure. Even fewer people notice these structures because they are part of streets. However, drains play a vital role in public safety by swiftly eliminating water before it can accumulate on roads and cause flooding.  

The majority of equipment that makes up concrete storm drain structures is positioned underground. When used for interstate systems, drainage systems are concealed behind embankments. In most instances, the only components that are visible are catch basins, curb inlets, and street gutters.

While drainage systems are setup across the country, there are some regions that do not have them. These areas can be adversely impacted any time it rains because there is no place for water to drain.

Storm drains work by pulling rain water into underground pipes by means of gravity. The areas where systems are installed are constructed at a slightly tilted angel to allow water to travel toward curb inlets.                              

The process for developing blueprints and installing storm drain pipes is highly complex and necessitates services from various contractors. Engineers create construction plans based on data they obtain from land surveys and subsurface utility engineering SUE.

Engineers must also consider other factors that can affect the system over time. For instance, engineers calculate projected population growth to make certain the system can work efficiently as more people move into the area.

When areas are developed into residential and business communities a side effect is much of the surrounding land is paved to add parking lots, walkways, and streets. Storm water is unable to penetrate asphalt and either accumulates on ground surfaces or flows downhill toward a storm drain structure.

As storm water is pulled across the pavement it picks up debris, chemicals, and loose soil that is in its path. Since this water passes through systems without being filtered, everything in the pipeline is released into U.S. waterways.

We all know that environmental contaminants cause damage to oceans and rivers. Pollution also harms everything else that relies on the water source including plants, fish, and wildlife. When aquatic life is endangered then humans are also at risk. For this reason, it is important for individuals to monitor the types of items they release into storm drains.

Municipal systems include multiple components including water pipes, street gutters, curb inlets, swales, concrete chambers, manholes, and outlet pipes. Together, this equipment provides a powerful system that is capable of transporting thousands of gallons of storm water and releasing it into open bodies of water. Quickly eliminating water aids in reducing flood risks and helps maintain traffic flow on busy interstate systems.

Decreasing the degree of water that accumulates on highways is critical for public safety. Flooded streets can cause many problems for drivers including not being able to stop quickly or hydroplaning. Both can lead to automobile accidents. Drainage systems play an important role in getting rid of standing water and reducing the number of car accidents.  

Installation of concrete storm drain structures is performed by licensed pipeline contractors. Disastrous outcomes can take place if system components are not correctly installed. For this reason, it is recommended to seek out experienced storm drain contractors with a good reputation for construction safety.

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Kana Pipeline


Kana Pipeline is a storm water drain contractor with nearly 30 years experience installing industrial and municipal pipeline systems. Founder, Daniel Locke talks more about the importance of storm water drain structures, along with providing the latest in industry news via their website at KanaPipeline.com.