Utilizing GIS and GPS

April 2, 2012 — 1,360 views  

Though everyone is familiar with TomToms and other mobile GPS devices, this technology has a number of different uses beyond navigating roads and highways. Construction professionals around the world use geographic information systems (GIS) and global positioning systems (GPS) to provide a safe work environment and ensure a quality finished product.

GIS systems use hardware and software programs to centralize any sort of geographic information. For example, the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) requires all homes to be designated in a certain flood zone. This information is available in a digital map known as a DFIRM. GIS systems can access this data and project a virtual map onto a handheld device that a construction supervisor is holding. This manager can then use GPS positioning to determine if his property is within the acceptable limits of a flood hazard mapping program. Other maps that detail soil reports, environmental factors and other geological data may be accessed with GIS and GPS devices.

GIS and GPS systems can help any professional collect, organize and store geographic data that may be critical to daily business functions. With the right tools, operational efficiency can substantially increase.